South-west glass shrimp - Palaemon australis

This page was created in partnership with the Freshwater Fish Group and Fish Health Unit at Murdoch University

Identification

Glass shrimp Palaemon australis

A small, transparent freshwater shrimp distinguished by a spine below the branchiostegal groove and second pair of legs much longer than the first (unlike Atyidae shrimps).

Similar in appearance to the exotic Indistinct river shrimp (Caridina indistincta), which has recently been identified in the south-west. This species will compete with the south-west glass shrimp for food and habitat.

Distribution

Occurs in coastal drainages throughout the south-west – from Hill River (near Jurien Bay) to Esperance.

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Habitat

A benthic (living on substrate) invertebrate often found graxing amongst aqautic vegetation and mussels in freshwater streams and estuaries. It rarely enters areas of higher salinity, unlike the closely related P. atrinubes which is mostly found in marine and estuarine environments.

Tolerant of low salinity.

Omnivores, feeding on both plant and animal material.

Biology

Reproductive biology has not been studied, though eggs can been seen in abdomen through the transparent shell, and once released will be carried under the tail on swimmerets; including for some time after hatching.

Conservation status

Not listed as threatened.

Further information

Contact the Departments River Science team, or the Murdoch Freshwater Fish Group via email: fish@murdoch.edu.au, or go to their website: www.freshwaterfishgroup.com

Freshwater Fish Group Murdoch University    Harry Butler Institute